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Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection

Siepielski, Adam M.; Morrissey, Michael B.; Buoro, Mathieu; Carlson, Stephanie M.; Caruso, Christina M.; Clegg, Sonya M.; Coulson, Tim; DiBattista, Joseph; Gotanda, Kiyoko M.; Francis, Clinton D.; Hereford, Joe; Kingsolver, Joel G.; Augustine, Kate E.; Kruuk, Loeske E.B.; Martin, Ryan A.; Sheldon, Ben C.; Sletvold, Nina; Svensson, Erik I.; Wade, Michael J.; MacColl, Andrew D.C.

Authors

Adam M. Siepielski

Michael B. Morrissey

Mathieu Buoro

Stephanie M. Carlson

Christina M. Caruso

Sonya M. Clegg

Tim Coulson

Joseph DiBattista

Kiyoko M. Gotanda

Clinton D. Francis

Joe Hereford

Joel G. Kingsolver

Kate E. Augustine

Loeske E.B. Kruuk

Ryan A. Martin

Ben C. Sheldon

Nina Sletvold

Erik I. Svensson

Michael J. Wade

Andrew D.C. MacColl



Abstract

Climate change has the potential to affect the ecology and evolution of every species on Earth. While the ecological consequences of climate change are increasingly well documented, the effects of climate on the key evolutionary process driving adaptation—natural selection—is largely unknown. We report that aspects of precipitation and potential evapotranspiration, along with the North Atlantic Oscillation, predicted variation in selection across plant and animal populations throughout many terrestrial biomes, whereas temperature explained little variation. By showing that selection was influenced by climate variation, our results indicate that climate change may cause widespread alterations in selection regimes, potentially shifting evolutionary trajectories at a global scale.

Citation

Siepielski, A. M., Morrissey, M. B., Buoro, M., Carlson, S. M., Caruso, C. M., Clegg, S. M., …MacColl, A. D. (2017). Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection. Science, 355(6328), https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aag2773

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 2, 2017
Publication Date Mar 3, 2017
Deposit Date Mar 6, 2017
Publicly Available Date Mar 6, 2017
Journal Science
Print ISSN 0036-8075
Electronic ISSN 1095-9203
Publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 355
Issue 6328
DOI https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aag2773
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41079
Publisher URL http://science.sciencemag.org/content/355/6328/959
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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