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Structural and physico-chemical analysis of calcium/ strontium substituted, near-invert phosphate based glasses for biomedical applications

Patel, U.; Moss, R.M.; Hossain, K.M.Z.; Kennedy, A.R.; Barney, E.R.; Ahmed, I.; Hannon, A.C.


U. Patel

R.M. Moss

K.M.Z. Hossain

A.R. Kennedy

A.C. Hannon


Neutron diffraction, 23Na and 31P NMR and FTIR spectroscopy have been used to investigate the structural effects of substituting CaO with SrO in a 40P2O5·(16 x)CaO·20Na2O·24MgO·xSrO glass, where x is 0, 4, 8, 12 and 16 mol%. The 31P solid-state NMR results showed similar amounts of Q1 and Q2 units for all of the multicomponent glasses investigated, showing that the substitution of Sr for Ca has no effect on the phosphate network. The M-O= coordinations (M= Mg, Ca, Sr, Na) were determined for binary alkali and alkaline earth metaphosphates using neutron diffraction and broad asymmetric distributions of bond length were observed, with coordination numbers that were smaller and bond lengths that were shorter than in corresponding crystals. The Mg-O coordination number was determined most reliably as 5.0(2). The neutron diffraction results for the multicomponent glasses are consistent with a structural model in which the coordination of Ca, Sr and Na is the same as in the binary metaphosphate glass, whereas there is a definite shift of Mg-O bonds to longer distance. There is also a small but consistent increase in the Mg-O coordination number and the width of the distribution of Mg-O bond lengths, as Sr substitutes for Ca. Functional properties, including glass transition temperatures, thermal processing windows, dissolution rates and ion release profiles were also investigated. Dissolution studies showed a decrease in dissolution rate with initial addition of 4 mol% SrO, but further addition of SrO showed little change. The ion release profiles followed a similar trend to the dissolution rates observed. The limited changes in structure and dissolution rates observed for substitution of Ca with Sr in these fixed 40 mol% P2O5 glasses were attributed to their similarities in terms of ionic size and charge.


Patel, U., Moss, R., Hossain, K., Kennedy, A., Barney, E., Ahmed, I., & Hannon, A. (2017). Structural and physico-chemical analysis of calcium/ strontium substituted, near-invert phosphate based glasses for biomedical applications. Acta Biomaterialia, 60, 109-127.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 2, 2017
Online Publication Date Jul 4, 2017
Publication Date Sep 15, 2017
Deposit Date Aug 2, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jul 5, 2018
Journal Acta Biomaterialia
Print ISSN 1742-7061
Electronic ISSN 1878-7568
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 60
Pages 109-127
Keywords Biomedical glass, Glass structure, Neutron diffraction, Solid state NMR, Phosphate glass, Strontium, Dissolution rate
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