Experimental research was conducted into a scooped rotor system that captures oil from a stationary jet and directs it through passages within the shaft to another axial location. Such a system has benefits for delivering oil via under-race feed to aeroengine bearings where direct access is limited. Oil capture efficiency was calculated for three jet configurations, a range of geometric variations relative to a baseline and a range of operating conditions. Flow visualization techniques yielded high-speed imaging in the vicinity of the scoop leading edge.
Overall capture efficiency depends on the amount of oil initially captured by the scoop that is retained. Observation shows that when the jet hits the tip of a scoop element, it is sliced and deflected upwards in a ‘plume’. Ligaments and drops formed from this plume are not captured. In addition, some oil initially captured is flung outwards as a consequence of centrifugal force. Although in principle capture of the entire supply is possible over most of the shaft speed range, as demonstrated by a simplified geometric model, in practice 60% to 70% is typical.
Significant improvement in capture efficiency was obtained with a lower jet angle (more radial) compared to baseline. Higher capture efficiencies were found where the ratio of jet to scoop tip speed was lower.
This research confirms the capability of a scoop system to capture and retain delivered oil. Additional numerical and experimental work, is recommended to further optimise the geometry and increase the investigated temperature and pressure ranges.
Paleo Cageao, P., Simmons, K., Prabhakar, A., & Chandra, B. (2019). Assessment of the Oil Scoop Capture Efficiency in High Speed Rotors. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 141(1), https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040812