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Opening a window on probation cultures: a photographic imagination

Worrall, Anne; Carr, Nicola; Robinson, Gwen


Anne Worrall

Professor of Criminology

Gwen Robinson


Michelle Brown

Eamonn Carrabine


Probation workers are among the least visible in the criminal justice system. Drawing on a pilot photographic project involving probation workers from several European countries, this chapter considers selected photographs and photo-elicitation data from England and Wales and Northern Ireland. It concludes that (amateur, democratized) photography has the potential to empower and give ‘voice’ to practitioners. Further, photo-elicitation suggests that photographs invoke imaginative debate about both the empirical realities and the normative dimensions of probation work and cultures.

Acceptance Date Sep 30, 2016
Publication Date Jun 21, 2017
Deposit Date Aug 30, 2017
Publicly Available Date Dec 22, 2018
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Series Title Routledge international handbooks
Book Title Routledge handbook of visual criminology
ISBN 9781138888630
Keywords Visual Criminology, Probation, Punishment
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in Routledge handbook of visual criminology on 21 June 2017, available online:


Worrall, Carr, Robinson Visual Criminology.docx (4.7 Mb)

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