Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Public perceptions of self-harm: a test of an attribution model of public discrimination

Nielsen, Emma; Townsend, Ellen

Authors

Emma Nielsen



Abstract

This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study applied Corrigan, Markowitz, Watson, Rowan, and Kubiak’s (2003) attribution model of public discrimination toward individuals with mental ill-health to explore public perceptions of self-harm—an underresearched topic, given the size and scale of the problem of self-harm.Participants (community-based adult sample, N=355, aged 18–67 years) were presented with 1 of 10, first-person, vignettes describing an episode of adolescent self-harm and completed self-report measures assessing dispositional empathy, familiarity with self-harm (professional; personal), perceived dangerousness, personal responsibility beliefs, emotional responses toward the person depicted in the vignette and helping/rejecting intentions. Vignettes were manipulated across conditions for the controllability of the stated cause (controllable; uncontrollable; unknown), stated motivation for self-harm (intrapersonal; interpersonal; unknown) and presentation format (video; text). Across the sample, attitudes were largely tolerant, with significantly higher levels of sympathetic than fearful or angry responding and significantly higher endorsement of helping responses than avoidance, segregative or coercive approaches. The manipulation of controllability of cause (controllable; uncontrollable), but not stated motivation (intrapersonal; interpersonal), was related to differences in cognitive, emotional or behavioral responding. Taken together, results were largely consistent with the attribution model, suggesting this may be a useful framework for understanding public perceptions of self-harm.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Stigma and Health
Print ISSN 2376-6972
Electronic ISSN 2376-6972
Publisher American Psychological Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Nielsen, E., & Townsend, E. (in press). Public perceptions of self-harm: a test of an attribution model of public discrimination. Stigma and Health, https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000090
DOI https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000090
Keywords self-harm, nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide, motivations, stigma
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000090
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

Files

Stigma and Health -UG 1.pdf (245 Kb)
PDF

Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





You might also like



Downloadable Citations

;