Thomas A. Jackson
Challenges and opportunities in understanding dementia and delirium in the acute hospital
Jackson, Thomas A.; Gladman, John R.F.; Harwood, Rowan H.; MacLullich, Alasdair M.J.; Sampson, Elizabeth L.; Sheehan, Bart; Davis, Daniel H.J.
JOHN GLADMAN firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor of Medicine of Older People
Prof ROWAN HARWOOD Rowan.Harwood@nottingham.ac.uk
Clinical Consultant (Professor)
Alasdair M.J. MacLullich
Elizabeth L. Sampson
Daniel H.J. Davis
What is the problem?
Dementia in general hospitals
Dementia is very common in patients admitted to acute hospitals, affecting one in four patients, with 6% of people living with dementia being inpatients in acute hospitals at any given time [1,2]. Dementia is often unrecognised by doctors and other hospital staff and frequently complicated by delirium. Deficiencies in care have been highlighted by national audit and numerous reports .
“Intellectual failure” is recognised as one of the “geriatric giants.” Both delirium and dementia are disorders of cognitive function, are associated with adverse health outcomes, and are intricately linked . Understanding how to assess, manage, and follow up older people with cognitive impairment in hospitals is vital to improving their care.
This essay discusses the clinical manifestation and complications of delirium and dementia in acute hospitals. Diagnosis of both conditions can be uncertain, and treatments are limited, but effective actions and management may improve outcomes. We also highlight areas for future research and suggest policy interventions to improve hospital care.
Jackson, T. A., Gladman, J. R., Harwood, R. H., MacLullich, A. M., Sampson, E. L., Sheehan, B., & Davis, D. H. (2017). Challenges and opportunities in understanding dementia and delirium in the acute hospital. PLoS Medicine, 14(3), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002247
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jan 19, 2017|
|Publication Date||Mar 14, 2017|
|Deposit Date||Apr 24, 2017|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 24, 2017|
|Publisher||Public Library of Science|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Related Public URLs||http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002247|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0|
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0