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Comparison of grain to grain orientation and stiffness mapping by spatially resolved acoustic spectroscopy and EBSD

Mark, A.F.; Li, W.; Sharples, S.; Withers, P.J.

Authors

A.F. Mark

WENQI LI Wenqi.Li@nottingham.ac.uk
Senior Research Fellow

S. Sharples

P.J. Withers



Abstract

Our aim was to establish the capability of spatially resolved acoustic spectroscopy (SRAS) to map grain orientations and the anisotropy in stiffness at the sub-mm to micron scale by comparing the method with electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) undertaken within a scanning electron microscope. In the former the grain orientations are deduced by measuring the spatial variation in elastic modulus; conversely, in EBSD the elastic anisotropy is deduced from direct measurements of the crystal orientations. The two test-cases comprise mapping the fusion zones for large TIG and MMA welds in thick power plant austenitic and ferritic steels, respectively; these are technologically important because, among other things, elastic anisotropy can cause ultrasonic weld inspection methods to become inaccurate because it causes bending in the paths of sound waves. The spatial resolution of SRAS is not as good as that for EBSD (∼100 m vs. ∼a few nm), nor is the angular resolution (∼1.5° vs. ∼0.5°). However the method can be applied to much larger areas (currently on the order of 300 mm square), is much faster (∼5 times), is cheaper and easier to perform, and it could be undertaken on the manufacturing floor. Given these advantages, particularly to industrial users, and the on-going improvements to the method, SRAS has the potential to become a standard method for orientation mapping, particularly in cases where the elastic anisotropy is important over macroscopic/component length scales.

Citation

Mark, A., Li, W., Sharples, S., & Withers, P. (in press). Comparison of grain to grain orientation and stiffness mapping by spatially resolved acoustic spectroscopy and EBSD. Journal of Microscopy, https://doi.org/10.1111/jmi.12550

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 12, 2017
Online Publication Date Mar 15, 2017
Deposit Date May 19, 2017
Publicly Available Date May 19, 2017
Journal Journal of Microscopy
Print ISSN 0022-2720
Electronic ISSN 1365-2818
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/jmi.12550
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/850536
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jmi.12550/abstract;jsessionid=43DAE59F2B48A1CABF6965F26C1AC472.f03t02
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: MARK, A.F., LI, W., SHARPLES, S. and WITHERS, P.J. (2017), Comparison of grain to grain orientation and stiffness mapping by spatially resolved acoustic spectroscopy and EBSD. Journal of Microscopy, which has been published in final form at doi:10.1111/jmi.12550. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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