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Three-dimensional multiphase flow computational fluid dynamics models for proton exchange membrane fuel cell: a theoretical development

Kone, Jean-Paul; Zhang, Xinyu; Yan, Yuying; Hu, Guilin; Ahmadi, Goodarz

Authors

Jean-Paul Kone

Xinyu Zhang Xinyu.Zhang@nottingham.edu.cn

YUYING YAN YUYING.YAN@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Thermofluids Engineering_*d

Guilin Hu

Goodarz Ahmadi



Abstract

A review of published three-dimensional, computational fluid dynamics models for proton exchange membrane fuel cells that accounts for multiphase flow is presented. The models can be categorized as models for transport phenomena, geometry or operating condition effects, and thermal effects. The influences of heat and water management on the fuel cell performance have been repeatedly addressed, and these still remain two central issues in proton exchange membrane fuel cell technology. The strengths and weaknesses of the models, the modelling assumptions, and the model validation are discussed. The salient numerical features of the models are examined, and an overview of the most commonly used computational fluid dynamic codes for the numerical modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells is given. Comprehensive three-dimensional multiphase flow computational fluid dynamic models accounting for the major transport phenomena inside a complete cell have been developed. However, it has been noted that more research is required to develop models that include among other things, the detailed composition and structure of the catalyst layers, the effects of water droplets movement in the gas flow channels, the consideration of phase change in both the anode and the cathode sides of the fuel cell, and dissolved water transport.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows
Print ISSN 1757-482X
Electronic ISSN 1757-4838
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Kone, J., Zhang, X., Yan, Y., Hu, G., & Ahmadi, G. (in press). Three-dimensional multiphase flow computational fluid dynamics models for proton exchange membrane fuel cell: a theoretical development. Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows, 9(1), https://doi.org/10.1177/1757482X17692341
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1757482X17692341
Keywords Computational fluid dynamics; modelling; multiphase flow; numerical; proton exchange membrane fuel cell; review
Publisher URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1757482X17692341
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0





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