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Challenging the degeneration thesis: the role of democracy in worker cooperatives?

Langmead, Kiri


Kiri Langmead


This paper uses data collected through written narratives, focus groups and participant observation in three small UK worker cooperatives to investigate the role of democracy in maintaining cooperatives’ dual social-economic characteristic and resisting degeneration. More specifically, it adds to limited empirical literature countering the degeneration thesis by arguing that ongoing processes of individual-collective alignment, understood as central to the practice of democracy, help cooperatives to: balance varying and conflicting needs and aims; challenge the assumption underpinning the degeneration thesis; and transform degenerative “risks” into creative and productive spaces where new meanings and practices can be formed.


Langmead, K. (2017). Challenging the degeneration thesis: the role of democracy in worker cooperatives?.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 27, 2017
Publication Date Feb 27, 2017
Deposit Date Apr 4, 2017
Publicly Available Date Apr 4, 2017
Journal Journal of Entrpreneurial and Organizational Diversity
Electronic ISSN 2281-8642
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue 1
Keywords Worker Cooperative, Degeneration thesis, Democracy, Alternative economy, Social-economic Characteristic, Dual Characteristic, Workplace democracy, Cooperative
Public URL
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