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A generalised model of electrical energy demand from small household appliances

Sancho-Tomás, A.; Sumner, M.; Robinson, Darren

Authors

A. Sancho-Tomás

MARK SUMNER mark.sumner@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Electrical Energy Systems

Darren Robinson



Abstract

Accurate forecasting of residential energy loads is highly influenced by the use of electrical appliances, which not only affect electrical energy use but also internal heat gains, which in turn affects thermal energy use. It is therefore important to accurately understand the characteristics of appliance use and to embed this understanding into predictive models to support load forecast and building design decisions. Bottom-up techniques that account for the variability in socio-demographic characteristics of the occupants and their behaviour patterns constitute a powerful tool to this end, and are potentially able to inform the design of Demand Side Management strategies in homes.

To this end, this paper presents a comparison of alternative strategies to stochastically model the temporal energy use of low-load appliances (meaning those whose annual energy share is individually small but significant when considered as a group). In particular, discrete-time Markov processes and survival analysis have been explored. Rigorous mathematical procedures, including cluster analysis, have been employed to identify a parsimonious strategy for the modelling of variations in energy demand over time of the four principle categories of small appliances: audio-visual, computing, kitchen and other small appliances. From this it is concluded that a model of the duration for which appliances survive in discrete states expressed as bins in fraction of maximum power demand performs best. This general solution may be integrated with relative ease with dynamic simulation programs, to complement existing models of relatively large load appliances for the comprehensive simulation of household appliance use.

Citation

Sancho-Tomás, A., Sumner, M., & Robinson, D. (2017). A generalised model of electrical energy demand from small household appliances. Energy and Buildings, 135, 350-366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.10.044

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 25, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 20, 2016
Publication Date Jan 15, 2017
Deposit Date Feb 2, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 2, 2017
Journal Energy and Buildings
Print ISSN 0378-7788
Electronic ISSN 1872-6178
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 135
Pages 350-366
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.10.044
Keywords Electrical appliances; Stochastic modelling; Markov chain; Occupant behaviour; Demand side management; Cluster algorithm; Residential energy use; Energy planning
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40257
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378778816313378
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: A generalised model of electrical energy demand from small household appliances; Journal Title: Energy and Buildings; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.10.044; Content Type: article; Copyright: Crown Copyright © 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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