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Effects of noise exposure on young adults with normal audiograms I: Electrophysiology

Prendergast, Garreth; Guest, Hannah; Munro, Kevin J.; Kluk, Karolina; Léger, Agnes; Hall, Deborah A.; Heinz, Michael G.; Plack, Christopher J.

Authors

Garreth Prendergast

Hannah Guest

Kevin J. Munro

Karolina Kluk

Agnes Léger

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DEBORAH HALL Deborah.Hall@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Hearing Sciences

Michael G. Heinz

Christopher J. Plack



Abstract

Noise-induced cochlear synaptopathy has been demonstrated in numerous rodent studies. In these animal models, the disorder is characterized by a reduction in amplitude of wave I of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) to high-level stimuli, whereas the response at threshold is unaffected. The aim of the present study was to determine if this disorder is prevalent in young adult humans with normal audiometric hearing. One hundred and twenty six participants (75 females) aged 18-36 were tested. Participants had a wide range of lifetime noise exposures as estimated by a structured interview. Audiometric thresholds did not differ across noise exposures up to 8 kHz, although 16- kHz audiometric thresholds were elevated with increasing noise exposure for females but not for males. ABRs were measured in response to high-pass (1.5 kHz) filtered clicks of 80 and 100 dB peSPL. Frequency-following responses (FFRs) were measured to 80 dB SPL pure tones from 240- 285 Hz, and to 80 dB SPL 4 kHz pure tones amplitude modulated at frequencies from 240-285 Hz (transposed tones). The bandwidth of the ABR stimuli and the carrier frequency of the transposed tones were chosen to target the 3-6 kHz characteristic frequency region which is usually associated with noise damage in humans. The results indicate no relation between noise exposure and the amplitude of the ABR. In particular, wave I of the ABR did not decrease with increasing noise exposure as predicted. ABR wave V latency increased with increasing noise exposure for the 80 dB peSPL click. High carrier-frequency (envelope) FFR amplitudes decreased as a function of noise exposure in males but not females. However, these correlations were not significant after the effects of age were controlled. The results suggest either that noise-induced cochlear synaptopathy is not a significant problem in young, audiometrically normal adults, or that the ABR and FFR are relatively insensitive to this disorder in young humans, although it is possible that the effects become more pronounced with age.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2017-02
Journal Hearing Research
Print ISSN 0378-5955
Electronic ISSN 1878-5891
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 344
Pages 68-81
APA6 Citation Prendergast, G., Guest, H., Munro, K. J., Kluk, K., Léger, A., Hall, D. A., …Plack, C. J. (2017). Effects of noise exposure on young adults with normal audiograms I: Electrophysiology. Hearing Research, 344, 68-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2016.10.028
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2016.10.028
Keywords Cochlear synaptopathy; Hidden hearing loss; Noise-induced hearing loss; Auditory brainstem response; Frequency-following response
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378595516303203
Related Public URLs https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5256477/
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Effects of noise exposure on young adults with normal audiograms I: Electrophysiology; Journal Title: Hearing Research; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2016.10.028; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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