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Dynamic Experimental Investigation on the Volatilization Behavior of Lead and Cadmium in the Simulated Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Influenced by Sulfur Compounds during Incineration

Liu, Changqi; Huang, Yaji; Wang, Xinye; Zhang, Shuaiyi; Xia, Wenqing; Sun, Chenggong; Liu, Hao

Authors

Changqi Liu

Yaji Huang

Xinye Wang

Shuaiyi Zhang

Wenqing Xia

HAO LIU liu.hao@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Energy Engineering



Abstract

In China, coal, often with a high level of sulfur, is always mixed with municipal solid waste (MSW) in waste incineration plants due to the low heating value and high moisture content of MSW. The influence of sulfur compounds on the volatilization of heavy metals in MSW is of great concern for China’s waste incineration plants. In this study, the continuous dynamic volatilization process of Pb and Cd is investigated by adding different forms of sulfur compounds, elemental sulfur (S), and sodium sulfate (Na2SO4), to the simulated MSW in a laboratory incinerator, at both 1 and 3 wt %, respectively. The experimental results show that the added S begins to affect the volatilization of Pb and Cd at about 700 °C; adding S can lead up to 49.6% reduction in the volatilization of Pb, as the produced sulfur dioxide is promoting the formation of a condensed sulfate phase, and part of Pb is fixed in the form of PbS in the bottom ash. But for Cd, adding S causes up to 15.9% increase in its volatilization as S seizes part of O2 in the air, which is conducive to forming the reducing atmosphere. In the reducing atmosphere, CdO can be easily reduced to Cd, which volatilizes more easily than CdO at high temperatures. In fact, in the reducing atmosphere, the volatilization of Cd far outweighs the volatilization of Pb at 700–800 °C. On the other hand, adding Na2SO4 almost has no influence on the volatilization of lead and cadmium below 900 °C.

Citation

Liu, C., Huang, Y., Wang, X., Zhang, S., Xia, W., Sun, C., & Liu, H. (2017). Dynamic Experimental Investigation on the Volatilization Behavior of Lead and Cadmium in the Simulated Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Influenced by Sulfur Compounds during Incineration. Energy and Fuels, 31(1), 847-853. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b01315

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 27, 2016
Online Publication Date Dec 28, 2016
Publication Date Jan 19, 2017
Deposit Date Jan 25, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jan 25, 2017
Journal Energy & Fuels
Electronic ISSN 1520-5029
Publisher American Chemical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 1
Pages 847-853
DOI https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b01315
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40077
Publisher URL http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b01315
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Energy & Fuels, copyright © American Chemical Society
after peer review and technical editing by the publisher.
To access the final edited and published work see http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b01315

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Pb-Cd-Revised manuscript-Dec2016.pdf (682 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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