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Structure-activity relationships of the sustained effects of adenosine A2A receptor agonists driven by slow dissociation kinetics

Hothersall, J. Daniel; Guo, Dong; Sarda, Sunil; Sheppard, Robert J.; Chen, Hongming; Keur, Wesley; Waring, Michael J.; IJzerman, Adriaan P.; Hill, Stephen J.; Dale, Ian L.; Rawlins, Philip B.

Authors

J. Daniel Hothersall

Dong Guo

Sunil Sarda

Robert J. Sheppard

Hongming Chen

Wesley Keur

Michael J. Waring

Adriaan P. IJzerman

Stephen J. Hill

Ian L. Dale

Philip B. Rawlins



Abstract

The duration of action of adenosine A2A receptor (A2A) agonists is critical for their clinical efficacy, and we sought to better understand how this can be optimized. The in vitro temporal response profiles of a panel of A2A agonists were studied using cAMP assays in recombinantly (CHO) and endogenously (SH-SY5Y) expressing cells. Some agonists (e.g., 3cd; UK-432,097) but not others (e.g., 3ac; CGS-21680) demonstrated sustained wash-resistant agonism, where residual receptor activation continued after washout. The ability of an antagonist to reverse pre-established agonist responses was used as a surrogate read-out for agonist dissociation kinetics, and together with radioligand binding studies suggested a role for slow off-rate in driving sustained effects. One compound, 3ch, showed particularly marked sustained effects, with a reversal t1/2 > 6 hours and close to maximal effects that remained for at least 5 hours after washing. Based on the structure-activity relationship of these compounds, we suggest that lipophilic N6 and bulky C2 substituents can promote stable and long-lived binding events leading to sustained agonist responses, although a high compound logD is not necessary. This provides new insight into the binding interactions of these ligands and we anticipate that this information could facilitate the rational design of novel long-acting A2A agonists with improved clinical efficacy.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2017
Journal Molecular Pharmacology
Print ISSN 0026-895X
Electronic ISSN 1521-0111
Publisher American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 91
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Hothersall, J. D., Guo, D., Sarda, S., Sheppard, R. J., Chen, H., Keur, W., …Rawlins, P. B. (2017). Structure-activity relationships of the sustained effects of adenosine A2A receptor agonists driven by slow dissociation kinetics. Molecular Pharmacology, 91(1), https://doi.org/10.1124/mol.116.105551
DOI https://doi.org/10.1124/mol.116.105551
Publisher URL http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/91/1/25
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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