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Occurrence of primary lymphocytic hypophysitis in two horses and presence of scattered T-lymphocytes in the normal equine pituitary gland

Grau-Roma, Llorenc; Peckham, Robert; Paton, Jacqui; Stahel, Anina; de Brot, Simone

Authors

Llorenc Grau-Roma

Robert Peckham

Jacqui Paton

Anina Stahel

Simone de Brot



Abstract

The postmortem examination of a 14-year-old Appaloosa gelding with clinically diagnosed pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction showed a unique finding of moderate multifocal lymphocytic hypophysitis (LH). The pituitary glands of 24 horses submitted for postmortem examination were examined grossly and examined histologically for the presence of lymphocytes. Of these 23 horses, 1 additional case suffered from moderate LH. The 2 cases with LH tested negative for Equid herpesvirus 1 and 4 by polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry (IHC), and no viral particles were observed by electron microscopy in 1 case examined. The cause of LH remains unknown, but based on the T-lymphocytic nature of the inflammation and the human literature, an immune-mediated origin is hypothesized. In addition, the review of 24 cases revealed that 10 horses had few and small multifocal lymphocytic infiltrates within the pituitary gland; the remaining 12 horses showed no evident lymphocytes when examined by hematoxylin and eosin. IHC for CD3 showed the presence of a small number of individual T-lymphocytes scattered through the gland in all examined horses, which appears therefore to be a normal feature of the pituitary gland in horses.

Citation

Grau-Roma, L., Peckham, R., Paton, J., Stahel, A., & de Brot, S. (2017). Occurrence of primary lymphocytic hypophysitis in two horses and presence of scattered T-lymphocytes in the normal equine pituitary gland. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 29(1), https://doi.org/10.1177/1040638716676292

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 4, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 15, 2016
Publication Date Jan 1, 2017
Deposit Date Nov 21, 2016
Publicly Available Date Nov 21, 2016
Journal Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Print ISSN 1040-6387
Electronic ISSN 1040-6387
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 1
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1040638716676292
Keywords Equine, hypophysitis, pituitary gland, pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/38826
Publisher URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1040638716676292
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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