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Is gibbon ape leukaemia virus still a threat?

Brown, Katherine; Tarlinton, Rachael E.

Authors

Katherine Brown



Abstract

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, an outbreak of lymphoma and leukaemia in gibbons (Hylobatidae), attributed to the retrovirus gibbon ape leukaemia virus (GALV), was widely reported in the literature. The virus was identified in captive gibbon colonies in Thailand, the USA and Bermuda.The virus is a known cell culture contaminant and, in particular, research into HIV can be impeded by expression of GALV particles in HIV permissive cell lines.In this review, we bring together published work, laboratory records from early GALV research, correspondence about the transportation of gibbons during the 1960s and 1970s, phylogenetic analyses, laboratory screening and zoological records for the first time, to discover more about the origin and transmission of GALV.
Based on this evidence, we suggest that GALV may have been transmitted to gibbons as an iatrogenic event and was never widespread. Instead, all infected gibbons were probably transported from the site of the original outbreak, housed with gibbons from this site or infected with material derived from gibbons from this site.
We also propose that GALV is not an ongoing pathogen of captive gibbons.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 4, 2016
Journal Mammal Review
Print ISSN 0305-1838
Electronic ISSN 1365-2907
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 47
Issue 1
Pages 53-61
APA6 Citation Brown, K., & Tarlinton, R. E. (2016). Is gibbon ape leukaemia virus still a threat?. Mammal Review, 47(1), 53-61. https://doi.org/10.1111/mam.12079
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/mam.12079
Keywords GALV, gibbon ape leukaemia virus, retrovirus, koala retrovirus, gammaretrovirus
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mam.12079/full
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Brown, K. and Tarlinton, R.E. (2016), Is gibbon ape leukaemia virus still a threat?. Mam Rev., which has been published in final form at doi:10.1111/mam.12079. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf


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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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