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Ethnic diversity and conflict

Bleaney, Michael; Dimico, Arcangelo


Michael Bleaney

Arcangelo Dimico


We argue that the reason why it has proved hard to determine whether negative effects on economic performance and conflict are more strongly associated with polarized rather than fractionalized societies is because the distinction between polarization and fractionalization is only relevant for societies with ethnic diversity above a certain threshold. In addition, high levels of ethnic fractionalization at a country level are generally associated with regional concentration of minorities, and as a result, many regions may have a very different ethnic composition from the national average, and in particular, they may have much higher levels of ethnic polarization than the national level. Because of the very different ethnic composition of different regions in this situation, conflict is more likely to be confined to a limited geographical area.


Bleaney, M., & Dimico, A. (in press). Ethnic diversity and conflict. Journal of Institutional Economics, 13(2),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 15, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 21, 2016
Deposit Date Jan 11, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jan 11, 2017
Journal Journal of Institutional Economics
Print ISSN 1744-1374
Electronic ISSN 1744-1382
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 2
Keywords Fractionalization, Polarization, Ethnic Concentration, Conflict
Public URL
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