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ALS-FTLD associated mutations of SQSTM1 impact on Keap1-Nrf2 signalling

Goode, Alice; Rea, Sarah; Sultana, Melanie; Shaw, Barry; Searle, Mark S.; Layfield, Robert

ALS-FTLD associated mutations of SQSTM1 impact on Keap1-Nrf2 signalling Thumbnail


Authors

Alice Goode

Sarah Rea

Melanie Sultana

Barry Shaw

Mark S. Searle

ROBERT LAYFIELD ROBERT.LAYFIELD@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Protein Biochemistry



Abstract

The transcription factor Nrf2 and its repressor protein Keap1 play key roles in the regulation of antioxidant stress responses and both Keap1-Nrf2 signalling and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the ALS-FTLD spectrum of neurodegenerative disorders. The Keap1-binding partner and autophagy receptor SQSTM1/p62 has also recently been linked genetically to ALS-FTLD, with some missense mutations identified in patients mapping within or close to its Keap1-interacting region (KIR, residues 347–352) of SQSTM1/p62. Here we report the effects on protein function of four different disease associated mutations of SQSTM1/p62 which affect the KIR region. Only mutations mapping precisely to the KIR (P348L and G351 A) were associated with a loss of Keap1 binding in co-immunoprecipitations comparable to wild-type SQSTM1/p62. These selective effects on Keap1 recognition were entirely rational based on protein structural models. Consistent with impaired Keap1 binding, the P348L and G351A KIR mutants showed reduced ability to activate Nrf2 signalling compared to wild-type SQSTM1/p62 in antioxidant response element (ARE)-luciferase reporter assays. The results suggest that SQSTM1 mutations within the KIR of SQSTM1/p62 contribute to aetiology of some cases of ALS-FTLD through a mechanism involving aberrant expression or regulation of oxidative response genes.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 18, 2016
Online Publication Date Aug 20, 2016
Publication Date Oct 2, 2016
Deposit Date Aug 26, 2016
Publicly Available Date Aug 26, 2016
Journal Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience
Print ISSN 1044-7431
Electronic ISSN 1044-7431
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 76
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcn.2016.08.004
Keywords ALS-FTLD; SQSTM1/p62; Keap1-Nrf2; Oxidative stress
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/825084
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1044743116301191

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