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Method to investigate and plan the application of low temperature district heating to existing hydraulic radiator systems in existing buildings

Tunzi, Michele; Østergaard, Dorte Skaarup; Svendsen, Svend; Boukhanouf, Rabah; Cooper, Edward

Authors

Michele Tunzi ezxmt@nottingham.ac.uk

Dorte Skaarup Østergaard dskla@byg.dtu.dk

Svend Svendsen ss@byg.dtu.dk

Edward Cooper



Abstract

This study presents a method to adapt existing hydronic systems in buildings to take advantage of low temperature district heating (LTDH). Plate radiators connected to double string heating circuits were considered in an optimization procedure, based on supply and return temperatures, to obtain the required logarithmic mean temperature difference (LMTD) for a low temperature heating system. The results of the analysis are presented as the average reduction of LMTD over the heating season compared to the base case design conditions. Two scenarios were investigated based on the assumption of a likely cost reduction in the end users' energy bills of 1% for each 1 °C reduction of return and average supply and return temperatures. The results showed possible discounts of 14% and 16% respectively, due to more efficient operation of the radiators. These were achieved without any intervention in the thermal envelope or to the heating systems, through simply adjusting the temperatures according to demand and properly controlling the plate radiators with thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs).

Citation

Tunzi, M., Ƙstergaard, D. S., Svendsen, S., Boukhanouf, R., & Cooper, E. (2016). Method to investigate and plan the application of low temperature district heating to existing hydraulic radiator systems in existing buildings. Energy, 113, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.07.033

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 6, 2016
Online Publication Date Jul 21, 2016
Publication Date Oct 15, 2016
Deposit Date Jul 26, 2016
Publicly Available Date Jul 26, 2016
Journal Energy
Print ISSN 0360-5442
Electronic ISSN 1873-6785
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 113
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.07.033
Keywords Low temperature district heating; Hydraulic radiators; Modelling; Temperature optimization
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/35440
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544216309574
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Method to investigate and plan the application of low temperature district heating to existing hydraulic radiator systems in existing buildings.pdf (1 Mb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0







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