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Herschel-ATLAS: revealing dust build-up and decline across gas, dust and stellar mass selected samples ? I. Scaling relations

Vis, P. De; Dunne, L.; Maddox, S.; Gomez, H.L.; Clark, C.J.R.; Bauer, A.E.; Viaene, S.; Schofield, S.P.; Baes, M.; Baker, A.J.; Bourne, N.; Driver, S.P.; Dye, Simon; Eales, S.A.; Furlanetto, C.; Ivison, R.J.; Robotham, A.S.G.; Rowlands, K.; Smith, D.J.B.; Smith, M.W.L.; Valiante, E.; Wright, A.H.


P. De Vis

L. Dunne

S. Maddox

H.L. Gomez

C.J.R. Clark

A.E. Bauer

S. Viaene

S.P. Schofield

M. Baes

A.J. Baker

N. Bourne

S.P. Driver

Associate Professor

S.A. Eales

C. Furlanetto

R.J. Ivison

A.S.G. Robotham

K. Rowlands

D.J.B. Smith

M.W.L. Smith

E. Valiante

A.H. Wright


We present a study of the dust, stars and atomic gas (H?i) in an H?i-selected sample of local galaxies (z < 0.035) in the Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey fields. This H?i-selected sample reveals a population of very high gas fraction (>80 per cent), low stellar mass sources that appear to be in the earliest stages of their evolution. We compare this sample with dust- and stellar-mass-selected samples to study the dust and gas scaling relations over a wide range of gas fractions (proxy for evolutionary state of a galaxy). The most robust scaling relations for gas and dust are those linked to near-ultraviolet ? r (specific star formation rate) and gas fraction; these do not depend on sample selection or environment. At the highest gas fractions, our additional sample shows that the dust content is well below expectations from extrapolating scaling relations for more evolved sources, and dust is not a good tracer of the gas content. The specific dust mass for local galaxies peaks at a gas fraction of ?75 per cent. The atomic gas depletion time is also longer for high gas fraction galaxies, opposite to the trend found for molecular gas depletion time-scale. We link this trend to the changing efficiency of conversion of H?i to H2 as galaxies increase in stellar mass surface density during their evolution. Finally, we show that galaxies start out barely obscured and increase in obscuration as they evolve, yet there is no clear and simple link between obscuration and global galaxy properties.


Vis, P. D., Dunne, L., Maddox, S., Gomez, H., Clark, C., Bauer, A., …Wright, A. (2016). Herschel-ATLAS: revealing dust build-up and decline across gas, dust and stellar mass selected samples ? I. Scaling relations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 464(4), 4680--4705.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 29, 2016
Publication Date Oct 19, 2016
Deposit Date Apr 27, 2017
Publicly Available Date Apr 27, 2017
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 464
Issue 4
Pages 4680--4705
Keywords dust, extinction ? ISM: evolution ? galaxies: dwarf ? galaxies: evolution ? galaxies: fundamental parameters ? galaxies: ISM
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


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