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Injection-site lesion prevalence and potential risk factors in UK beef cattle

Cresswell, E.; Remnant, J.G.; Butterworth, A.; Wapenaar, Wendela

Authors

E. Cresswell

JOHN REMNANT John.Remnant@nottingham.ac.uk
Clinical Associate Professor

A. Butterworth

Wendela Wapenaar wendela.wapenaar@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Injectable veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) are widely used in cattle in the UK, and in particular vaccines are often used on large numbers of animals in the herd. The formation of injection-site lesions (ISLs) is a risk when using injectable products and has potential consequences for meat quality, animal welfare and beef industry income. This study used carcase observation in four abattoirs in England to determine ISL prevalence in beef cattle. Additionally, a questionnaire survey was used to investigate vaccination technique among UK beef farmers. The ISL prevalence was 4.1 per cent (95 per cent CI 3.4 per cent to 4.9 per cent). A potential difference between sites being used for vaccination and the distribution of ISLs on carcases suggested that factors other than vaccination were contributing to ISL incidence. Questionnaire responses highlighted deficits in good vaccination practices such as using the recommended site of injection and needle hygiene. The role of the veterinarian in knowledge transfer is crucial in providing practical injection advice when prescribing vaccines and other VMPs. This study identified factors to address when aiming to reduce ISL formation in UK beef animals.

Citation

Cresswell, E., Remnant, J., Butterworth, A., & Wapenaar, W. (in press). Injection-site lesion prevalence and potential risk factors in UK beef cattle. Veterinary Record, https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.103778

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 5, 2016
Online Publication Date Oct 26, 2016
Deposit Date Jan 6, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jan 6, 2017
Journal Veterinary Record
Print ISSN 0042-4900
Electronic ISSN 2042-7670
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.103778
Keywords Injection site lesion, Vaccination, Compliance, Beef, Prevalence, Carcase
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/39668
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.103778
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information © 2016 British Veterinary Association

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ISL in beef cattle_Cresswell et al_2016_VetRec.pdf (430 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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