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Avionics-Based GNSS Integrity Augmentation for UAS mission planning and real-time trajectory optimisation

Sabatini, Roberto; Moore, Terry; Hill, Chris

Authors

Roberto Sabatini

Terry Moore

Chris Hill



Abstract

This paper explores the potential of integrating Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Avionics Based Integrity Augmentation (ABIA) functionalities in Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) to perform mission planning and real-time trajectory optimisation tasks. In case of mission planning, a pseudo-spectral optimization technique is adopted. For real-time trajectory optimisation a Direct Constrained Optimisation (DCO) method is employed. In this method the aircraft dynamics model is used to generate a number of feasible flight trajectories that also satisfy the GNSS integrity constraints. The feasible trajectories are calculated by initialising the aircraft dynamics model with a manoeuvre identification algorithm. The performance of the proposed GNSS integrity augmentation and trajectory optimisation algorithms was evaluated in representative simulation case studies. Additionally, the ABIA performance was compared with Space-Based and Ground-Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS/GBAS). Simulation results show that the proposed integration scheme is capable of performing safety-critical UAS tasks (CAT III precision approach, UAS Detect-and-Avoid, etc.) when GNSS is used as the primary source of navigation data. There is a synergy with SBAS/GBAS in providing suitable (predictive and reactive) integrity flags in all flight phases. Therefore, the integration of ABIA with SBAS/GBAS is a clear opportunity for future research towards the development of a Space-Ground-Avionics Augmentation Network (SGAAN) for UAS SAA and other safety-critical aviation applications.

Citation

Sabatini, R., Moore, T., & Hill, C. (2016). Avionics-Based GNSS Integrity Augmentation for UAS mission planning and real-time trajectory optimisation

Conference Name 29th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2016)
End Date Sep 16, 2016
Acceptance Date May 1, 2016
Publication Date Sep 16, 2016
Deposit Date Jan 4, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jan 4, 2017
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords GNSS Integrity, GNSS Augmentation, Avionics Based Integrity Augmentation, Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Trajectory Optimisation, Flight Planning, Caution and Warning
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/39575
Publisher URL http://www.ion.org/publications/abstract.cfm?jp=p&articleID=14616
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information Published in: Proceedings of the 29th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2016)

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ION GNSS+ ABIA Paper (Submission for Peer Revew).pdf (1.9 Mb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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