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Using species distribution models to assess the importance of Egypt’s Protected Areas for the conservation of medicinal plants

Kaky, Emad; Gilbert, Francis

Authors

Emad Kaky plxedk@exmail.nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Human activities affect the distribution and abundance of plants, with impacts on ecosystem services and human well-being; it is thus vital that a network of Protected Areas is capable of conserving plants that are useful. Using the species distribution (SDM) model algorithm MaxEnt, we tested whether Egypt's network of Protected Areas performs well in conserving the region's important medicinal plant species. We constructed individual SDMs for each species, and then combined the models into a single ‘species-richness’ layer, which we then compared to the distribution of the existing Protected Areas. Temperature was the most important of eleven predictor variables used to build the SDMs. Assuming the SDM's prediction of suitable habitat was accurate and corresponded to the occurrence each of the medicinal plant species, then on average species richness was significantly higher within than outside the Protected Areas. Based on our findings, Egypt's Protected Areas are effective at conserving its medicinal plants.

Citation

Kaky, E., & Gilbert, F. (in press). Using species distribution models to assess the importance of Egypt’s Protected Areas for the conservation of medicinal plants. Journal of Arid Environments, 135, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2016.09.001

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 13, 2016
Online Publication Date Sep 21, 2016
Deposit Date Oct 3, 2016
Publicly Available Date Oct 3, 2016
Journal Journal of Arid Environments
Print ISSN 0140-1963
Electronic ISSN 1095-922X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 135
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2016.09.001
Keywords MaxEnt; Egypt; Ecosystem services; Conservation
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/37321
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196316301616
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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