Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Electrical stimulation of the ear, head, cranial nerve, or cortex for the treatment of tinnitus: a scoping review

Hoare, Derek J.; Adjamian, Peyman; Sereda, Magdalena

Authors

DEREK HOARE derek.hoare@nottingham.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Hearing Sciences

Peyman Adjamian



Abstract

Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is often associated with hearing loss and is thought to result from abnormal neural activity at some point or points in the auditory pathway, which is incorrectly interpreted by the brain as an actual sound. Neurostimulation therapies therefore, which interfere on some level with that abnormal activity, are a logical approach to treatment. For tinnitus, where the pathological neuronal activity might be associated with auditory and other areas of the brain, interventions using electromagnetic, electrical, or acoustic stimuli separately, or paired electrical and acoustic stimuli, have been proposed as treatments. Neurostimulation therapies should modulate neural activity to deliver a permanent reduction in tinnitus percept by driving the neuroplastic changes necessary to interrupt abnormal levels of oscillatory cortical activity and restore typical levels of activity. This change in activity should alter or interrupt the tinnitus percept (reduction or extinction) making it less bothersome. Here we review developments in therapies involving electrical stimulation of the ear, head, cranial nerve, or cortex in the treatment of tinnitus which demonstrably, or are hypothesised to, interrupt pathological neuronal activity in the cortex associated with tinnitus.

Citation

Hoare, D. J., Adjamian, P., & Sereda, M. (2016). Electrical stimulation of the ear, head, cranial nerve, or cortex for the treatment of tinnitus: a scoping review. Neural Plasticity, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/5130503

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 18, 2016
Publication Date Jun 15, 2016
Deposit Date Feb 1, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 1, 2017
Journal Neural Plasticity
Print ISSN 2090-5904
Electronic ISSN 1687-5443
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2016
Article Number 5130503
DOI https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/5130503
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40199
Publisher URL https://www.hindawi.com/journals/np/2016/5130503/
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Files


Hindawi.pdf (1.2 Mb)
PDF

Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





You might also like



Downloadable Citations