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Insight into the evolution of the Solanaceae from the parental genomes of Petunia hybrida

Bombarely, fAureliano; Moser, Michel; Amrad, Avichai; Bao, Manzhu; Bapaume, Laure; Barry, Cornelius S.; Bliek, Mattijs; Boersma, Maaike R.; Borghi, Lorenzo; Bruggmann, R?my; Bucher, Marcel; D'Agostino, Nunzio; Davies, Kevin; Druege, Uwe; Dudareva, Natalia; Egea-Cortines, Marcos; Delledonne, Massimo; Fernandez-Pozo, Noe; Franken, Philipp; Grandont, Laurie; Heslop-Harrison, J. S.; Hintzsche, Jennifer; Johns, Mitrick; Koes, Ronald; Lv, Xiaodan; Lyons, Eric; Malla, Diwa; Martinoia, Enrico; Mattson, Neil S.; Morel, Patrice; Mueller, Lukas A.; Muhlemann, Jo?lle; Nouri, Eva; Passeri, Valentina; Pezzotti, Mario; Qi, Qinzhou; Reinhardt, Didier; Rich, Melanie; Richert-P?ggeler, Katja R.; Robbins, Tim P.; Schatz, Michael C.; Schranz, M. Eric; Schuurink, Robert C.; Schwarzacher, Trude; Spelt, Kees; Tang, Haibao; Urbanus, Susan L.; Vandenbussche, Michiel; Vijverberg, Kitty; Villarino, Gonzalo H.; Warner, Ryan M.; Weiss, Julia; Yue, Zhen; Zethof, Jan; Quattrocchio, Francesca; Sims, Thomas L.; Kuhlem...


fAureliano Bombarely

Michel Moser

Avichai Amrad

Manzhu Bao

Laure Bapaume

Cornelius S. Barry

Mattijs Bliek

Maaike R. Boersma

Lorenzo Borghi


Marcel Bucher

Nunzio D'Agostino

Kevin Davies

Uwe Druege

Natalia Dudareva

Marcos Egea-Cortines

Massimo Delledonne

Noe Fernandez-Pozo

Philipp Franken

Laurie Grandont

J. S. Heslop-Harrison

Jennifer Hintzsche

Mitrick Johns

Ronald Koes

Xiaodan Lv

Eric Lyons

Diwa Malla

Enrico Martinoia

Neil S. Mattson

Patrice Morel

Lukas A. Mueller


Eva Nouri

Valentina Passeri

Mario Pezzotti

Qinzhou Qi

Didier Reinhardt

Melanie Rich

Katja R.

Michael C. Schatz

M. Eric Schranz

Robert C. Schuurink

Trude Schwarzacher

Kees Spelt

Haibao Tang

Susan L. Urbanus

Michiel Vandenbussche

Kitty Vijverberg

Gonzalo H. Villarino

Ryan M. Warner

Julia Weiss

Zhen Yue

Jan Zethof

Francesca Quattrocchio

Thomas L. Sims

Cris Kuhlemeier


Petunia hybrida is a popular bedding plant that has a long history as a genetic model system. We report the whole-genome sequencing and assembly of inbred derivatives of its two wild parents, P. axillaris N and P. inflata S6. The current assemblies include 91.3% and 90.2% coverage of their diploid genomes (1.4 Gb; 2n=14) containing 32,928 and 36,697 protein-coding genes, respectively. The Petunia lineage has experienced at least two rounds of paleohexaploidization, the older gamma hexaploidy event, which is shared with other Eudicots, and the more recent Solanaceae paleohexaploidy event that is shared with tomato and other Solanaceae species. Transcription factors that were targets of selection during the shift from bee- to moth pollination reside in particularly dynamic regions of the genome, which may have been key to the remarkable diversity of floral color patterns and pollination systems. The high quality genome sequences will enhance the value of Petunia as a model system for basic and applied research on a variety of unique biological phenomena.


Bombarely, F., Moser, M., Amrad, A., Bao, M., Bapaume, L., Barry, C. S., …Kuhlemeier, C. (in press). Insight into the evolution of the Solanaceae from the parental genomes of Petunia hybrida. Nature Plants, 2, Article 16074.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 22, 2016
Online Publication Date May 27, 2016
Deposit Date Nov 22, 2016
Publicly Available Date Nov 22, 2016
Journal Nature Plants
Print ISSN 2055-026X
Electronic ISSN 2055-0278
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Article Number 16074
Keywords Evolution, Genetics, Petunia, Solanaceae
Public URL
Publisher URL


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