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Robustness of asymmetry and coherence of quantum states

Piani, Marco; Cianciaruso, Marco; Bromley, Thomas R.; Napoli, Carmine; Johnston, Nathaniel; Adesso, Gerardo

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Authors

Marco Piani

Marco Cianciaruso

Thomas R. Bromley

Carmine Napoli

Nathaniel Johnston



Abstract

Quantum states may exhibit asymmetry with respect to the action of a given group. Such an asymmetry of states can be considered as a resource in applications such as quantum metrology, and it is a concept that encompasses quantum coherence as a special case. We introduce explicitly and study the robustness of asymmetry, a quantifier of asymmetry of states that we prove to have many attractive properties, including efficient numerical computability via semidefinite programming, and an operational interpretation in a channel discrimination context. We also introduce the notion of asymmetry witnesses, whose measurement in a laboratory detects the presence of asymmetry. We prove that properly constrained asymmetry witnesses provide lower bounds to the robustness of asymmetry, which is shown to be a directly measurable quantity itself. We then focus our attention on coherence witnesses and the robustness of coherence, for which we prove a number of additional results; these include an analysis of its specific relevance in phase discrimination and quantum metrology, an analytical calculation of its value for a relevant class of quantum states, and tight bounds that relate it to another previously defined coherence monotone.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 4, 2016
Online Publication Date Apr 12, 2016
Publication Date Apr 12, 2016
Deposit Date Feb 24, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 24, 2017
Journal Physical Review A
Print ISSN 2469-9926
Electronic ISSN 2469-9934
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 93
Issue 4
Article Number 042107
DOI https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.93.042107
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/785617
Publisher URL http://journals.aps.org/pra/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevA.93.042107
Related Public URLs https://arxiv.org/abs/1601.03782

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