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Calibration of strain gauged square tunnels for centrifuge testing

Tsinidis, Grigorios; Heron, Charles; Madabhushi, Gopol; Pitilakis, Kyriazis

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Grigorios Tsinidis

Gopol Madabhushi

Kyriazis Pitilakis


A series of dynamic centrifuge tests were conducted on square aluminum model tunnels embedded in dry sand. The tests were carried out at the Schofield Centre of the Cambridge University Engineering Department, aiming to investigate the dynamic response of these types of structures. An extensive instrumentation scheme was employed to record the soil-tunnel system response, which comprised of miniature accelerometers, total earth pressures cells and position sensors. To record the lining forces, the model tunnels were strain gauged. The calibration of the strain gauges, the data from which was crucial to furthering our understanding on the seismic performance of box-type tunnels, was performed combining physical testing and numerical modelling. This technical note summarizes this calibration procedure, highlighting the importance of advanced numerical simulation in the calibration of complex construction models.


Tsinidis, G., Heron, C., Madabhushi, G., & Pitilakis, K. (in press). Calibration of strain gauged square tunnels for centrifuge testing. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 34(3),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 11, 2016
Online Publication Date Apr 18, 2016
Deposit Date Jul 11, 2016
Publicly Available Date Jul 11, 2016
Journal Geotechnical and Geological Engineering
Print ISSN 0960-3182
Electronic ISSN 1573-1529
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 34
Issue 3
Keywords centrifuge modelling, calibration, strain gauges, numerical analysis
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