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Disentangling the effect of farming practice and aridity on crop stable isotope values: a present-day model from Morocco and its application to early farming sites in the eastern Mediterranean

Styring, Amy K.; Ater, Mohammed; Hmimsa, Younes; Fraser, Rebecca; Miller, Holly; Neef, Reinder; Pearson, Jessica A.; Bogaard, Amy

Disentangling the effect of farming practice and aridity on crop stable isotope values: a present-day model from Morocco and its application to early farming sites in the eastern Mediterranean Thumbnail


Authors

Amy K. Styring

Mohammed Ater

Younes Hmimsa

Rebecca Fraser

HOLLY MILLER HOLLY.MILLER@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Assistant Professor in Zooarchaeology

Reinder Neef

Jessica A. Pearson

Amy Bogaard



Abstract

Agriculture has played a pivotal role in shaping landscapes, soils and vegetation. Developing a better understanding of early farming practices can contribute to wider questions regarding the long-term impact of farming and its nature in comparison with present-day traditional agrosystems. In this study we determine stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values of barley grains from a series of present-day traditionally managed farming plots in Morocco, capturing a range of annual rainfall and farming practices. This allows a framework to be developed to refine current isotopic approaches used to infer manuring intensity and crop water status in (semi-)arid regions. This method has been applied to charred crop remains from two early farming sites in the eastern Mediterranean: Abu Hureyra and ‘Ain Ghazal. In this way, our study enhances knowledge of agricultural practice in the past, adding to understanding of how people have shaped and adapted to their environment over thousands of years.

Citation

Styring, A. K., Ater, M., Hmimsa, Y., Fraser, R., Miller, H., Neef, R., …Bogaard, A. (2016). Disentangling the effect of farming practice and aridity on crop stable isotope values: a present-day model from Morocco and its application to early farming sites in the eastern Mediterranean. Anthropocene Review, 3(1), 2-22. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053019616630762

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 12, 2015
Online Publication Date Feb 4, 2016
Publication Date Apr 1, 2016
Deposit Date Jul 24, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jul 24, 2018
Journal Anthropocene Review
Print ISSN 2053-0196
Electronic ISSN 2053-020X
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 1
Pages 2-22
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/2053019616630762
Keywords Agriculture; Carbon; Crops; Manuring; Nitrogen; Watering
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/778090
Publisher URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/2053019616630762
Additional Information Copyright © 2016 by SAGE Publications

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