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Neural basis of understanding communicative actions: changes associated with knowing the actor’s intention and the meanings of the actions

Möttönen, Riikka; Farmer, Harry; Watkins, Kate E.

Authors

Riikka Möttönen

Harry Farmer

Kate E. Watkins



Abstract

People can communicate by using hand actions, e.g., signs. Understanding communicative actions requires that the observer knows that the actor has an intention to communicate and the meanings of the actions. Here, we investigated how this prior knowledge affects processing of observed actions. We used functional MRI to determine changes in action processing when non-signers were told that the observed actions are communicative (i.e., signs) and learned the meanings of half of the actions. Processing of hand actions activated the left and right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG, BA 44 and 45) when the communicative intention of the actor was known, even when the meanings of the actions remained unknown. These regions were not active when the observers did not know about the communicative nature of the hand actions. These findings suggest that the left and right IFG play a role in understanding the intention of the actor, but do not process visuospatial features of the communicative actions. Knowing the meanings of the hand actions further enhanced activity in the anterior part of the IFG (BA 45), the inferior parietal lobule and posterior inferior and middle temporal gyri in the left hemisphere. These left-hemisphere language regions could provide a link between meanings and observed actions. In sum, the findings provide evidence for the segregation of the networks involved in the neural processing of visuospatial features of communicative hand actions and those involved in understanding the actor’s intention and the meanings of the actions.

Citation

Möttönen, R., Farmer, H., & Watkins, K. E. (2016). Neural basis of understanding communicative actions: changes associated with knowing the actor’s intention and the meanings of the actions. Neuropsychologia, 81, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.01.002

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 1, 2016
Online Publication Date Jan 2, 2016
Publication Date Jan 29, 2016
Deposit Date Dec 5, 2017
Publicly Available Date Dec 5, 2017
Journal Neuropsychologia
Print ISSN 0028-3932
Electronic ISSN 1873-3514
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 81
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.01.002
Keywords Action observation; Mirror neuron system; Mirror neurons; Sign language; Communication; Inferior frontal cortex; Inferior parietal lobule
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/48521
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393216300021
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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