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Linking the structural properties of galaxies and their star formation histories with STAGES

Hoyos, Carlos; Aragón-Salamanca, Alfonso; Gray, Meghan E.; Wolf, Christian; Maltby, David T.; Bell, Eric F.; Böhm, Asmus; Jogee, Shardha

Authors

Carlos Hoyos

Alfonso Aragón-Salamanca

Meghan E. Gray

Christian Wolf

David T. Maltby

Eric F. Bell

Asmus Böhm

Shardha Jogee



Abstract

We study the links between star formation history and structure for a large mass-selected galaxy sample at 0.05 ≤ zphot ≤ 0.30. The galaxies inhabit a very broad range of environments, from cluster cores to the field. Using Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images, we quantify their structure following Hoyos et al., and divide them into disturbed and undisturbed. We also visually identify mergers. Additionally, we provide a quantitative measure of the degree of disturbance for each galaxy (‘roughness’). The majority of elliptical and lenticular galaxies have relaxed structure, showing no signs of ongoing star formation. Structurally disturbed galaxies, which tend to avoid the lowest density regions, have higher star formation activity and younger stellar populations than undisturbed systems. Cluster spirals with reduced/quenched star formation have somewhat less disturbed morphologies than spirals with ‘normal’ star formation activity, suggesting that these ‘passive’ spirals have started their morphological transformation into S0s. Visually identified mergers and galaxies not identified as mergers but with similar roughness have similar specific star formation rates and stellar ages. The degree of enhanced star formation is thus linked to the degree of structural disturbance, regardless of whether it is caused by major mergers or not. This suggests that merging galaxies are not special in terms of their higher-than-normal star formation activity. Any physical process that produces ‘roughness’, or regions of enhanced luminosity density, will increase the star formation activity in a galaxy with similar efficiency. An alternative explanation is that star formation episodes increase the galaxies’ roughness similarly, regardless of whether they are merger induced or not.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2016
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 455
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Hoyos, C., Aragón-Salamanca, A., Gray, M. E., Wolf, C., Maltby, D. T., Bell, E. F., …Jogee, S. (2016). Linking the structural properties of galaxies and their star formation histories with STAGES. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 455(1), https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2321
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2321
Keywords galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 901, Abell 902, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: formation, galaxies: peculiar, galaxies: structure
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/mnras/stv2321
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This article has been accepted for publication inMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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