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External memory aids for memory problems in people with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review

Goodwin, Rachel; Lincoln, Nadina; das Nair, Roshan; Bateman, Andrew

Authors

Rachel Goodwin

Nadina Lincoln Nadina.Lincoln@nottingham.ac.uk

ROSHAN NAIR Roshan.dasnair@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology

Andrew Bateman



Abstract

Approximately 40-60% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have memory problems, which adversely impact on their everyday functioning. Evidence supports the use of external memory aids in people with stroke and brain injury, and suggests they may reduce everyday memory problems in people with MS. Previous reviews of people with MS have only evaluated randomised trials; therefore this review included other methodologies. The aim was to assess the efficacy of external memory aids for people with MS for improving memory functioning, mood, quality of life, and coping strategies. Seven databases were systematically searched. Intervention studies that involved training in the use of external memory aids, e.g., personal digital assistants, with at least 75% of people with MS, were included. Based on study design, quality was rated with the SCED or PEDro scale. Nine studies involving 540 participants were included. One single case experimental design (mean of 8 on SCED scale) and eight group studies (mean of 5 on PEDro scale) were included. One study reported a significant treatment effect on subjective memory functioning, two on mood, and two on coping strategies. There is insufficient evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of external memory aids for improving memory function in people with MS.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Print ISSN 0960-2011
Electronic ISSN 1464-0694
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 27
Issue 8
Pages 1081-1102
APA6 Citation Goodwin, R., Lincoln, N., das Nair, R., & Bateman, A. (in press). External memory aids for memory problems in people with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 27(8), 1081-1102. https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2015.1113997
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2015.1113997
Keywords Multiple sclerosis, Memory, Neuropsychological rehabilitation, Memory aids
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09602011.2015.1113997
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope: http://www.tandfonline....cope&journalCode=pnrh20

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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