Preventive acetaminophen reduces postoperative opioid consumption, vomiting, and pain scores after surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis
Doleman, Brett; Read, David; Lund, Jonathan N.; Williams, John P.
Jonathan N. Lund
John P. Williams
Background and Objectives: Preventive analgesia has been proposed as a potential strategy to reduce postoperative pain. However, there is currently no review that focuses on acetaminophen for preventive analgesia.
Methods: We conducted a search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cinahl, AMED, and CENTRAL databases identifying randomized controlled trials that compared preventive acetaminophen with postincision acetaminophen.
Results: Seven studies with 544 participants were included. Overall, the studies showed a reduction in 24-hour opioid consumption (standardized mean difference [SMD] of -0.52; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], -0.98 to -0.06), lower pain scores at 1 hour (MD, -0.50; 95% CI, -0.98 to -0.02) and 2 hours (MD, -0.34; 95% CI, -0.67 to -0.01), and a lower incidence of postoperative vomiting (risk ratio, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.31-0.83) in the preventive acetaminophen group. Current studies are limited by a potential risk of bias.
Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first review to describe a potential preventive effect of acetaminophen. However, well-conducted randomized controlled trials are necessary to substantiate the conclusions of this review.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Nov 1, 2015|
|Journal||Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine|
|Publisher||Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Doleman, B., Read, D., Lund, J. N., & Williams, J. P. (2015). Preventive acetaminophen reduces postoperative opioid consumption, vomiting, and pain scores after surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, 40(6), https://doi.org/10.1097/AAP.0000000000000311|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0|
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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