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Experimental investigation on EV battery cooling and heating by heat pipes

Wang, Qian; Jiang, Bin; Xue, Qingfeng; Sun, Huanli; Li, Bo; Zou, Huiming; Yan, Yuying


Qian Wang

Bin Jiang

Qingfeng Xue

Huanli Sun

Bo Li

Huiming Zou

Professor of Thermofluids Engineering


© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Enhancing battery safety and thermal behaviour are critical for electric vehicles (EVs) because they affect the durability, energy storage, lifecycle, and efficiency of the battery. Prior studies of using air, liquid or phase change materials (PCM) to manage the battery thermal environment have been investigated over the last few years, but only a few take heat pipes into account. This paper aims to provide a full experimental characterisation of heat pipe battery cooling and heating covering a range of battery 'off-normal' conditions. Two representative battery cells and a substitute heat source ranging from 2.5 to 40 W/cell have been constructed. Results show that the proposed method is able to keep the battery surface temperature below 40 °C if the battery generates less than 10 W/cell, and helps reduce the battery temperature down to 70 °C under uncommon thermal abuse conditions (e.g. 20-40 W/cell). Additionally, the feasibility of using sintered copper-water heat pipes under sub-zero temperatures has been assessed experimentally by exposing the test rig to -15 °C/-20 °C for more than 14 h. Data indicates that the heat pipe was able to function immediately after long hours of cold exposure and that sub-zero temperature conditions had little impact on heat pipe performance. We therefore conclude that the proposed method of battery cooling and heating via heat pipes is a viable solution for EVs.


Wang, Q., Jiang, B., Xue, Q. F., Sun, H. L., Li, B., Zou, H. M., & Yan, Y. Y. (2015). Experimental investigation on EV battery cooling and heating by heat pipes. Applied Thermal Engineering, 88, 54-60.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 30, 2014
Online Publication Date Oct 7, 2014
Publication Date Sep 5, 2015
Deposit Date Jul 13, 2017
Journal Applied Thermal Engineering
Print ISSN 1359-4311
Electronic ISSN 1873-5606
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 88
Pages 54-60
Keywords EV battery; Heat pipe; Thermal management; Cooling and heating
Public URL
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Experimental investigation on EV battery cooling and heating by heat pipes; Journal Title: Applied Thermal Engineering; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.