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Numerical investigation of the mechanisms of ultrasound-modulated bioluminescence tomography

Zhang, Qimei; Mather, Melissa; Morgan, Stephen P.

Authors

Qimei Zhang qimei.zhang@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Objective: A hybrid imaging technique, Ultrasound Modulated Luminescence Tomography, that uses ultrasound to modulate diffusely propagating light has been shown to improve the spatial resolution of optical images. This paper is to investigate the underlying modulation mechanisms and the feasibility of applying this technique to improve the spatial resolution of bioluminescence tomography.
Methods: Ultrasound Modulated Bioluminescence Tomography was studied numerically to identify the dominance of four factors (reduced optical scattering coefficient, optical absorption coefficient, refractive index, and luciferase concentration) on the depth of light modulation. In practice, an open source finite element method tool for simulation of diffusely propagating light, Near Infrared Fluorescence and Spectral Tomography, was modified to incorporate the effects of ultrasound modulation. The signal-to-noise ratios of detected modulated bioluminescent emissions are calculated using the optical and physical properties of a mouse model.
Results: The modulation depth of the bioluminescent emission affected by the US induced variation of local concentration of the light emitting enzyme luciferase were at least two orders of magnitude greater than that caused by variations in the other factors. For surface radiances above approximately 107 photons/s/cm2/sr the corresponding SNRs are detectable with the current detector technologies. Conclusion: The dominant effect in generation of ultrasound modulated bioluminescence is ultrasound induced variation in luciferase concentration. The SNR analysis results confirm the feasibility of applying Ultrasound Modulated Bioluminescence Tomography in preclinical imaging of mice. Significance: The simulation model developed suggests ultrasound modulated bioluminescence tomography is a potential technique to improve the spatial resolution of bioluminescence tomography.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2015
Journal IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Print ISSN 0018-9294
Electronic ISSN 0018-9294
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 62
Issue 9
APA6 Citation Zhang, Q., Mather, M., & Morgan, S. P. (2015). Numerical investigation of the mechanisms of ultrasound-modulated bioluminescence tomography. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 62(9), https://doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2015.2405415
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2015.2405415
Keywords Bioluminescence tomography (BLT), finite-element method, near infrared fluorescence and spectral tomography (NIRFAST), ultrasound-modulated optical tomography (USMOT).
Publisher URL http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7045571/
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information c2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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