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Induction of autophagy is a key component of all-trans-retinoic acid-induced differentiation in leukemia cells and a potential target for pharmacologic modulation

Orfali, Nina; O'Donovan, Tracey R.; Nyhan, Michelle J.; Britschgi, Adrian; Tschan, Mario P.; Cahill, Mary R.; Mongan, Nigel P.; Gudas, Lorraine J.; McKenna, Sharon L.

Authors

Nina Orfali

Tracey R. O'Donovan

Michelle J. Nyhan

Adrian Britschgi

Mario P. Tschan

Mary R. Cahill

Lorraine J. Gudas

Sharon L. McKenna



Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by the accumulation of immature blood cell precursors in the bone marrow. Pharmacologically overcoming the differentiation block in this condition is an attractive therapeutic avenue, which has achieved success only in a subtype of AML, acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Attempts to emulate this success in other AML subtypes have thus far been unsuccessful. Autophagy is a conserved protein degradation pathway with important roles in mammalian cell differentiation, particularly within the hematopoietic system. In the study described here, we investigated the functional importance of autophagy in APL cell differentiation. We found that autophagy is increased during all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced granulocytic differentiation of the APL cell line NB4 and that this is associated with increased expression of LC3II and GATE-16 proteins involved in autophagosome formation. Autophagy inhibition, using either drugs (chloroquine/3-methyladenine) or short-hairpin RNA targeting the essential autophagy gene ATG7, attenuates myeloid differentiation. Importantly, we found that enhancing autophagy promotes ATRA-induced granulocytic differentiation of an ATRA-resistant derivative of the non-APL AML HL60 cell line (HL60-Diff-R). These data support the development of strategies to stimulate autophagy as a novel approach to promote differentiation in AML.

Citation

Orfali, N., O'Donovan, T. R., Nyhan, M. J., Britschgi, A., Tschan, M. P., Cahill, M. R., …McKenna, S. L. (2015). Induction of autophagy is a key component of all-trans-retinoic acid-induced differentiation in leukemia cells and a potential target for pharmacologic modulation. Experimental Hematology, 43(9), 781-793.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exphem.2015.04.012

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 29, 2015
Online Publication Date May 16, 2015
Publication Date 2015-09
Deposit Date Jul 9, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jul 9, 2015
Journal Experimental Hematology
Print ISSN 0301-472X
Electronic ISSN 1873-2399
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 9
Article Number 781-793.e2
Pages 781-793.e2
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exphem.2015.04.012
Keywords Differentiation, Autophagy, Myeloid Leukemia, ATRA, Promyelocytic Leukemia
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/29073
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301472X15001642
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Induction of autophagy is a key component of all-trans-retinoic acid-induced differentiation in leukemia cells and a potential target for pharmacologic modulation; Journal Title: Experimental Hematology; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exphem.2015.04.012; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2015 ISEH - International Society for Experimental Hematology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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