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Energy efficient sparse connectivity from imbalanced synaptic plasticity rules

Sacramento, João; Wichert, Andreas; van Rossum, Mark C.W.

Authors

João Sacramento

Andreas Wichert

Mark C.W. van Rossum



Abstract

It is believed that energy efficiency is an important constraint in brain evolution. As synaptic transmission dominates energy consumption, energy can be saved by ensuring that only a few synapses are active. It is therefore likely that the formation of sparse codes and sparse connectivity are fundamental objectives of synaptic plasticity. In this work we study how sparse connectivity can result from a synaptic learning rule of excitatory synapses. Information is maximised when potentiation and depression are balanced according to the mean presynaptic activity level and the resulting fraction of zero-weight synapses is around 50%. However, an imbalance towards depression increases the fraction of zero-weight synapses without significantly affecting performance. We show that imbalanced plasticity corresponds to imposing a regularising constraint on the L1-norm of the synaptic weight vector, a procedure that is well-known to induce sparseness. Imbalanced plasticity is biophysically plausible and leads to more efficient synaptic configurations than a previously suggested approach that prunes synapses after learning. Our framework gives a novel interpretation to the high fraction of silent synapses found in brain regions like the cerebellum.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 5, 2015
Journal PLoS Computational Biology
Print ISSN 1553-734X
Electronic ISSN 1553-7358
Publisher Public Library of Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 6
Article Number e1004265
APA6 Citation Sacramento, J., Wichert, A., & van Rossum, M. C. (2015). Energy efficient sparse connectivity from imbalanced synaptic plasticity rules. PLoS Computational Biology, 11(6), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004265
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004265
Publisher URL http://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004265
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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