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Carbon capture and utilisation: application of life cycle thinking to process design

Cuellar-Franca, Rosa; Dimitriou, Ioanna; Garcia-Gutierrez, Pelayo; Elder, Rachel H.; Allen, Ray W.K.; Azapagic, Adisa

Authors

Rosa Cuellar-Franca

Pelayo Garcia-Gutierrez

Rachel H. Elder

Ray W.K. Allen

Adisa Azapagic



Abstract

Applying life cycle thinking at an early design stage can help engineers to deliver sustainable systems by design. To demonstrate how this can be carried out at a practical level, this paper proposes a simplified methodology for integrating life cycle considerations into process design. Combining flowsheeting and life cycle assessment, it shows how environmental 'hotspots' can be identified and translated into key design targets to improve the sustainability of a system from 'cradle to grave'. The method is applied to a carbon capture and utilisation system using waste CO2 to produce synthetic diesel in a Fischer-Tropsch process. Although the system is energy intensive, applying life cycle thinking helps to make synthetic diesel competitive not only with fossil but also with biodiesel in terms of the climate change impact.

Publication Date Jun 10, 2015
Journal Computer Aided Chemical Engineering
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 37
APA6 Citation Cuellar-Franca, R., Dimitriou, I., Garcia-Gutierrez, P., Elder, R. H., Allen, R. W., & Azapagic, A. (2015). Carbon capture and utilisation: application of life cycle thinking to process design
Keywords Fuels,Life cycle,Carbon capture and utilisation
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444635778500887
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information Published in:Krist V. Gernaey, Jakob K. Huusom and Rafiqul Gani (Eds.), 12th International Symposium on Process
Systems Engineering and 25th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering. 31 May – 4 June 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark
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