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Do cravings predict smoking cessation in smokers calling a national quit line: secondary analyses from a randomised trial for the utility of ‘urges to smoke’ measures

Taggar, Jaspal S; Lewis, Sarah; Docherty, Graeme; Bauld, Linda; McEwen, Andy; Coleman, Tim

Authors

Dr JASPAL TAGGAR Jaspal.Taggar@nottingham.ac.uk
Clinical Associate Professor and Headof Primary Care Undergraduate Education

Graeme Docherty graeme.docherty@nottingham.ac.uk

Linda Bauld linda.bauld@stir.ac.uk

Andy McEwen Andy.mcewen@ucl.ac.uk

TIM COLEMAN tim.coleman@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Primary Care



Abstract

BACKGROUND: Single-item urges to smoke measures have been contemplated as important measures of nicotine dependence This study aimed to prospectively determine the relationships between measures of craving to smoke and smoking cessation, and compare their ability to predict cessation with the Heaviness of Smoking Index, an established measure of nicotine dependence.

METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the randomised controlled PORTSSS trial. Measures of nicotine dependence, ascertained before making a quit attempt, were the HSI, frequency of urges to smoke (FUTS) and strength of urges to smoke (SUTS). Self-reported abstinence at six months after quitting was the primary outcome measure. Multivariate logistic regression and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis were used to assess associations and abilities of the nicotine dependence measures to predict smoking cessation.

RESULTS: Of 2,535 participants, 53.5% were female; the median (Interquartile range) age was 38 (28–50) years. Both FUTS and HSI were inversely associated with abstinence six months after quitting; for each point increase in HSI score, participants were 16% less likely to have stopped smoking (OR 0.84, 95% C.I 0.78-0.89, p 

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Electronic ISSN 1747-597X
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 15
APA6 Citation Taggar, J. S., Lewis, S., Docherty, G., Bauld, L., McEwen, A., & Coleman, T. (in press). Do cravings predict smoking cessation in smokers calling a national quit line: secondary analyses from a randomised trial for the utility of ‘urges to smoke’ measures. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 10(15), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-015-0011-8
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-015-0011-8
Keywords Urges to smoke, Smoking cessation, Heaviness of smoking index
Publisher URL http://substanceabusepolicy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13011-015-0011-8
Related Public URLs https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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