© 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl. Theories of dark energy require a screening mechanism to explain why the associated scalar fields do not mediate observable long range fifth forces. The archetype of this is the chameleon field. Here we show that individual atoms are too small to screen the chameleon field inside a large high-vacuum chamber, and therefore can detect the field with high sensitivity. We derive new limits on the chameleon parameters from existing experiments, and show that most of the remaining chameleon parameter space is readily accessible using atom interferometry.
Burrage, C., Copeland, E. J., & Hinds, E. A. (2015). Probing dark energy with atom interferometry. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2015(3), Article 042. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2015/03/042