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An overview of the major phenomena of the localization of sound sources by normal-hearing, hearing-impaired, and aided listeners

Akeroyd, Michael A.

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Abstract

Localizing a sound source requires the auditory system to determine its direction and its distance. In general, hearing-impaired listeners do less well in experiments measuring localization performance than normal-hearing listeners, and hearing aids often exacerbate matters. This article summarizes the major experimental effects in direction (and its underlying cues of interaural time differences and interaural level differences) and distance for normal-hearing, hearing-impaired, and aided listeners. Front/back errors and the importance of self-motion are noted. The influence of vision on the localization of real-world sounds is emphasized, such as through the ventriloquist effect or the intriguing link between spatial hearing and visual attention.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 9, 2014
Journal Trends in Hearing
Electronic ISSN 2331-2165
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 18
APA6 Citation Akeroyd, M. A. (2014). An overview of the major phenomena of the localization of sound sources by normal-hearing, hearing-impaired, and aided listeners. Trends in Hearing, 18, https://doi.org/10.1177/2331216514560442
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/2331216514560442
Keywords spatial hearing, hearing impairment, hearing aids, vision, evolution
Publisher URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2331216514560442
Related Public URLs http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2331216514560442?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0





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