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An overview of the major phenomena of the localization of sound sources by normal-hearing, hearing-impaired, and aided listeners

Akeroyd, Michael A.

Authors



Abstract

Localizing a sound source requires the auditory system to determine its direction and its distance. In general, hearing-impaired listeners do less well in experiments measuring localization performance than normal-hearing listeners, and hearing aids often exacerbate matters. This article summarizes the major experimental effects in direction (and its underlying cues of interaural time differences and interaural level differences) and distance for normal-hearing, hearing-impaired, and aided listeners. Front/back errors and the importance of self-motion are noted. The influence of vision on the localization of real-world sounds is emphasized, such as through the ventriloquist effect or the intriguing link between spatial hearing and visual attention.

Citation

Akeroyd, M. A. (2014). An overview of the major phenomena of the localization of sound sources by normal-hearing, hearing-impaired, and aided listeners. Trends in Hearing, 18, https://doi.org/10.1177/2331216514560442

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 1, 2014
Publication Date Dec 9, 2014
Deposit Date Apr 6, 2018
Publicly Available Date Apr 6, 2018
Journal Trends in Hearing
Electronic ISSN 2331-2165
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 18
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/2331216514560442
Keywords spatial hearing, hearing impairment, hearing aids, vision, evolution
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50834
Publisher URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2331216514560442
Related Public URLs http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2331216514560442?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0





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