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Thymine functionalised porphyrins, synthesis and heteromolecular surface-based self-assembly

Slater, Anna G.; Hu, Ya; Yang, Lixu; Argent, Stephen P.; Lewis, William; Blunt, Matthew O.; Champness, Neil R.

Authors

Anna G. Slater

Ya Hu

Lixu Yang

Stephen P. Argent

William Lewis

Matthew O. Blunt

Neil R. Champness



Abstract

The synthesis and surface-based self-assembly of thymine-functionalised porphyrins is described. Reaction of 1-formylphenyl-3-benzoyl-thymine with suitable pyrollic species leads to the formation of tetra-(phenylthymine)porphyrin (tetra-TP) or mono-thymine-tri-(3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)porphyrin (mono-TP). Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies demonstrate the self-association of mono-TP in the solid state through thymine…thymine hydrogen-bonding interactions but in solution this interaction (Kd = 6.1 ± 3.0 M-1) is relatively weak in comparison to the heteromolecular interaction between mono-TP and 9-propyladenine (K = 91.8 ± 20.5 M-1). STM studies of the tetratopic hydrogen-bonding tecton, tetra-TP, deposited on an HOPG substrate reveal the formation of an almost perfectly square self-assembled lattice through thymine…thymine hydrogen-bonding. Co-deposition of tetra-TP with 9-propyladenine leads to the adoption of preferable thymine…adenine interactions leading to the formation of a heteromolecular tetra-TP…9-propyladenine hydrogen bonded array including both Watson-Crick thymine…adenine interactions and adenine…adenine hydrogen-bonding. The studies demonstrate a pathway for the self-assembly of tetratopic hydrogen-bonding tectons and the use of preferential heteromolecular thymine…adenine interactions for the disruption of the homomolecular tetra-TP array. Studies of the self-assembly of tetra-TP and 9-propyladenine demonstrate a strong dependence on overall concentration and molar ratio of components indicating the importance of kinetic effects in surface self-assembly processes.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Chemical Science
Print ISSN 2046-2069
Electronic ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
APA6 Citation Slater, A. G., Hu, Y., Yang, L., Argent, S. P., Lewis, W., Blunt, M. O., & Champness, N. R. (in press). Thymine functionalised porphyrins, synthesis and heteromolecular surface-based self-assembly. RSC Advances, 6, https://doi.org/10.1039/C4SC03531C
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/C4SC03531C
Publisher URL http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2015/SC/C4SC03531C#!divAbstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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