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Tensile capacity of FRP anchors in connecting FRP and TRM sheets to concrete

Bournas, Dionysios A.; Pavese, Alberto; Tizani, Walid


Dionysios A. Bournas

Alberto Pavese


This paper investigates the effectiveness of carbon fiber spike anchors as a means of anchoring externally bonded (EB) fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP) and textile reinforced mortar (TRM) sheets into concrete. The investigation employs experimental work, which includes reinforced concrete (RC) columns strengthened with various configurations of EB FRP and TRM sheets connected to RC footings via carbon fiber spike anchors. The fiber spikes have two parts: the anchor part and the fan part. The anchor part is a bar-type dowel component that is epoxy pre-impregnated and inserted into epoxy filled holes within the footing. The fan part was impregnated in-situ and fanned out over and bonded to the EB reinforcement of the column. The connections were tested by pulling the columns upwards, thus applying tensile forces to the connection system. The direct tensile capacity of the anchors was determined for a number of vari- ables including the size and number of anchors, the bonding agent and the type and amount of EB rein- forcement. It is concluded that, with appropriate anchorage into concrete, the carbon fiber spike anchor is an effective anchorage system, and therefore, could be used in a range of strengthening applications to prevent premature delamination of FRP and TRM sheets from concrete surfaces.


Bournas, D. A., Pavese, A., & Tizani, W. (2015). Tensile capacity of FRP anchors in connecting FRP and TRM sheets to concrete. Engineering Structures, 82,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 16, 2014
Online Publication Date Nov 6, 2014
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Deposit Date Aug 23, 2017
Publicly Available Date Aug 23, 2017
Journal Engineering Structures
Print ISSN 0141-0296
Electronic ISSN 0141-0296
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 82
Keywords Anchorage system; FRP; Fiber reinforced cementitious matrix (FRCM); Reinforced concrete; Spike anchors; Textile reinforced mortar (TRM)
Public URL
Publisher URL


2015_BournasPaveseTizani_TensileCapFRP_EngStructures_82_72-81.pdf (2.7 Mb)

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