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Impulsivity and drinking motives predict problem behaviours relating to alcohol use in University students

Jones, Katy A.; Chryssanthakis, Alexandra; Groom, Madeleine J.

Authors

Katy A. Jones katy.jones@nottingham.ac.uk

Alexandra Chryssanthakis

Madeleine J. Groom Maddie.Groom@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

Aims: This study used a four-factor model of impulsivity to investigate inter-relationships between alcohol consumption, impulsivity, motives for drinking and the tendency to engage in alcohol-related problem behaviours.
Methods: 400 University students aged 18-25 completed an online survey consisting of the following measures: Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance and Sensation Seeking Scale (UPPS) to measure impulsivity; Student Alcohol Questionnaire to assess drinking quantity, frequency and rates of problem behaviours; Drinking Motives Questionnaire to assess motives for drinking.
Results: The majority of the sample (94.5%) drank alcohol at least monthly. Path analysis revealed direct effects of urgency, sensation seeking and premeditation, as well as the quantity of alcohol consumed, on the tendency to engage in risky behaviours with negative consequences. The effect of urgency was mediated by drinking for coping motives and by a combined effect of drinking for social motives and consumption of wine or spirits. Conversely the effect of sensation seeking was mediated by the quantity of alcohol consumed, irrespective of drink type, and the effect of premeditation was mediated by the consumption of wine and spirits, in combination with enhancement motives.
Conclusions: Sensation seeking, urgency and lack of premeditation are related to different motives for drinking and also demonstrate dissociable relationships with the consumption of specific types of alcohol (beer, wine and spirits) and the tendency to engage in risky behaviours associated with alcohol consumption. Screening for high levels of urgency and for severe drinking consequences may be useful predictors of alcohol-related problems in UK University students aged 18 to 25 years.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 31, 2014
Journal Addictive Behaviors
Print ISSN 0306-4603
Electronic ISSN 1873-6327
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue 1
Institution Citation Jones, K. A., Chryssanthakis, A., & Groom, M. J. (2014). Impulsivity and drinking motives predict problem behaviours relating to alcohol use in University students. Addictive Behaviors, 39(1), doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.024
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.024
Keywords Alcohol, Impulsivity, Urgency, University Students, Drinking Motives
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460313003262
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0




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