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Herbert Hill and the Federal Bureau of Investigation

Phelps, Christopher

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This article points to previously undetected evidence demonstrating that Herbert Hill, labor director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from the 1950s to the 1970s, informed for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) on his former political associates in the Socialist Workers Party (SWP). It shows that the FBI subsequently sought to use Hill in 1962 to obstruct a rumored fraternization between the NAACP and the Committee to Aid the Monroe Defendants (CAMD), an organization initiated by SWP members in support of the black militant advocate of armed self-defense Robert F. Williams and the movement he led in Monroe, North Carolina. The article concludes by posing a series of questions raised by the evidence and connecting the matter to recent scholarship on the Cold War and civil rights activism.


Phelps, C. (2012). Herbert Hill and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Labor History, 53(4),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 1, 2012
Publication Date Nov 22, 2012
Deposit Date Sep 19, 2017
Publicly Available Date Sep 19, 2017
Journal Labor History
Print ISSN 0023-656X
Electronic ISSN 1469-9702
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 53
Issue 4
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Labor History on 22 Nov 2012, available online:


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