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Pathway to cryogen free production of hyperpolarized krypton-83 and xenon-129

Six, Joseph S.; Hughes-Riley, Theodore; Stupic, Karl F.; Pavlovskaya, Galina E.; Meersmann, Thomas

Authors

Joseph S. Six

Theodore Hughes-Riley

Karl F. Stupic

Galina E. Pavlovskaya

Thomas Meersmann

Abstract

yperpolarized (hp) 129Xe and hp 83Kr for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are typically obtained through spin-exchange
optical pumping (SEOP) in gas mixtures with dilute concentrations of the respective noble gas. The usage of dilute noble gases mixtures requires cryogenic gas separation after SEOP, a step that makes clinical and preclinical applications of hp 129Xe MRI cumbersome. For hp 83Kr MRI, cryogenic concentration is not practical due to depolarization that is caused by quadrupolar relaxation in the condensed phase. In this work, the concept of stopped flow SEOP with concentrated noble gas mixtures at low pressures was explored using a laser with 23.3 W of output power and 0.25 nm linewidth. For 129Xe SEOP without cryogenic separation, the highest obtained MR signal intensity from the hp xenon-nitrogen gas mixture was
equivalent to that arising from 15.561.9% spin polarized 129Xe in pure xenon gas. The production rate of the hp gas
mixture, measured at 298 K, was 1.8 cm3/min. For hp 83Kr, the equivalent of 4.460.5% spin polarization in pure krypton at a production rate of 2 cm3/min was produced. The general dependency of spin polarization upon gas pressure obtained in stopped flow SEOP is reported for various noble gas concentrations. Aspects of SEOP specific to the two noble gas isotopes are discussed and compared with current theoretical opinions. A non-linear pressure broadening of the Rb D1 transition was observed and taken into account for the qualitative description of the SEOP process.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 27, 2012
Journal PLoS ONE
Electronic ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher Public Library of Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 11
Article Number e49927
Institution Citation Six, J. S., Hughes-Riley, T., Stupic, K. F., Pavlovskaya, G. E., & Meersmann, T. (2012). Pathway to cryogen free production of hyperpolarized krypton-83 and xenon-129. PLoS ONE, 7(11), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049927
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049927
Publisher URL http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0049927
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0




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