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Weft Yarn Interlacement Modelling for 3D Profiled Structures

Spackman, George; Brown, Louise; Turner, Thomas

Weft Yarn Interlacement Modelling for 3D Profiled Structures Thumbnail


George Spackman


Currently, generation of 3D woven T-joint models with complex weave geometries, using TexGen software, is a manual process. One of the main challenges to automatic generation of these textiles is the order in which the weft yarns interlace within the bifurcation region. This paper will demonstrate a method for predicting the order, based on the pattern draft and the information contained within it such as the direction of weft insertion and the beating action of the loom. The path of the entangling weft yarns and the yarn cross section orientation can then be modelled. Finally, a geometric transformation is applied to simulate the opening of the flanges so that the final model reflects the T-shaped profile.


Spackman, G., Brown, L., & Turner, T. (2022). Weft Yarn Interlacement Modelling for 3D Profiled Structures. Applied Composite Materials, 29(1), 219-227.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 28, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 9, 2021
Publication Date 2022-02
Deposit Date Nov 26, 2021
Publicly Available Date Dec 10, 2022
Journal Applied Composite Materials
Print ISSN 0929-189X
Electronic ISSN 1573-4897
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 1
Pages 219-227
Keywords Ceramics and Composites
Public URL
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