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Development of TiO2/RT–35HC based nanocomposite phase change materials (NCPCMs) for thermal management applications

Arshad, Adeel; Jabbal, Mark; Shi, Lei; Darkwa, Jo; Weston, Nicola J.; Yan, Yuying


Adeel Arshad

Lei Shi

Professor of Energy Storage Technologies

Nicola J. Weston

Professor of Thermofluids Engineering


This experimental study covers the development of novel nanocomposite phase change materials (NCPCMs) based on RT–35HC as a phase change material (PCM) and titanium oxide (TiO2) as thermal conductivity enhancement material, for thermal management applications. The TiO2 loadings were varied from to wt.% in pure RT–35HC samples and characterized for their chemical, physical and thermal properties by different characterization methods. The microstructures, chemical structures, lattice structures showed the presence of TiO2 nanoparticles onto the surface of NCPCMs. The results revealed that thermal properties including phase–change temperature, melting/solidifying latent–heat enthalpies, specific heat capacity and thermal conductivity were decreased by the introduction of TiO2 nanoparticles. This study confirmed that NCPCMs based on TiO2/RT–35HC revealed the phase–change enthalpies and thermal conductivities of J/g and W/m.K, respectively. In addition, significant chemical and thermal stability and no phase segregation were observed with the increase in loading of TiO2 nanoparticles. The newly developed TiO2/RT–35HC base NCPCMs revealed acceptable chemical stability, thermal reliability, and efficient conjugate heat transfer performance. Thereby, NCPCMs exhibit the potential application for thermal energy storage and thermal management of electronic devices, Li-ion batteries and photovoltaic (PV) modules.


Arshad, A., Jabbal, M., Shi, L., Darkwa, J., Weston, N. J., & Yan, Y. (2021). Development of TiO2/RT–35HC based nanocomposite phase change materials (NCPCMs) for thermal management applications. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 43, Article 100865.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 4, 2020
Online Publication Date Dec 7, 2020
Publication Date 2021-02
Deposit Date Oct 9, 2020
Publicly Available Date Dec 8, 2021
Journal Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments
Print ISSN 2213-1388
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Article Number 100865
Keywords Phase change material, TiO2RT-35HC, Nanocomposite phase change materials, Thermal management
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Development of TiO2/RT–35HC based nanocomposite phase change materials (NCPCMs) for thermal management applications; Journal Title: Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: Crown Copyright © 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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