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SDSS-IV MaNGA: Excavating the fossil record of stellar populations in spiral galaxies

Peterken, Thomas; Merrifield, Michael; Aragón-Salamanca, Alfonso; Fraser-McKelvie, Amelia; Avila-Reese, Vladimir; Riffel, Rogério; Knapen, Johan; Drory, Niv

Authors

Thomas Peterken

Amelia Fraser-McKelvie

Vladimir Avila-Reese

Rogério Riffel

Johan Knapen

Niv Drory



Abstract

We perform a “fossil record” analysis for ≈800 low-redshift spiral galaxies, using STARLIGHT applied to integral field spectroscopic observations from the SDSS-IV MaNGA survey to obtain fully spatially-resolved high-resolution star formation histories (SFHs). From the SFHs, we are able to build maps indicating the present-day distribution of stellar populations of different ages in each galaxy. We find small negative mean age gradients in most spiral galaxies, especially at high stellar mass, which reflects the formation times of stellar populations at different galactocentric radii. We show that the youngest (109.5 years), again with a strong dependence on stellar mass. By interpreting the radial profiles of “time slices” as indicative of the size of the galaxy at the time those populations had formed, we are able to trace the simultaneous growth in mass and size of the spiral galaxies over the last 10 Gyr. Despite finding that the evolution of the measured light-weighted radius is consistent with inside-out growth in the majority of spiral galaxies, the evolution of an equivalent mass-weighted radius has changed little over the same time period. Since radial migration effects are likely to be small, we conclude that the growth of disks in spiral galaxies has occurred predominantly through an inside-out mode (with the effect greatest in high-mass galaxies), but this has not had anywhere near as much impact on the distribution of mass within spiral galaxies.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 20, 2020
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Peterken, T., Merrifield, M., Aragón-Salamanca, A., Fraser-McKelvie, A., Avila-Reese, V., Riffel, R., …Drory, N. (2020). SDSS-IV MaNGA: Excavating the fossil record of stellar populations in spiral galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa1303
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa1303
Keywords Space and Planetary Science; Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/mnras/advance-article/doi/10.1093/mnras/staa1303/5837092

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Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.





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