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The Effect of Race and Gender on Attributions of Stalking

Duff, Simon C.; Hay, Jonathan; Kerry, Jessica; Whittam, Alyssa

The Effect of Race and Gender on Attributions of Stalking Thumbnail


Associate Professor in Forensic Psychology

Jonathan Hay

Jessica Kerry

Alyssa Whittam


© 2020 by the Southwestern Social Science Association Objective: This study is concerned with examining the impact of the extralegal factors of race and gender in attributions of stalking and motivation in examples of heterosexual, low-level stalking behavior. Methods: A 4 (race pairing of protagonist and target) × 2 (gender pairing of protagonist and target) between- participants design, using a vignette incorporating faces of the protagonist and target, asked participants to identify the extent to which they considered the behavior stalking, the motivation for that behavior, and provide responses to measures of racism and sexism. Results: The results identify that intraracial behavior is considered more like stalking than interracial behavior, that female-to-male behavior is considered more like stalking than male-to-female, and that gender and race do not impact on the attributed motivations for the behavior. Both racism and sexism do contribute to attributions of stalking. Conclusion: The influence of race on attributions of stalking mirrors that of findings in other areas of crime and is important in understanding decision making.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 18, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 20, 2020
Publication Date 2020-03
Deposit Date Jan 13, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jan 21, 2022
Journal Social Science Quarterly
Print ISSN 0038-4941
Electronic ISSN 1540-6237
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 101
Issue 2
Pages 573-587
Keywords General Social Sciences
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Duff, S.C., Hay, J., Kerry, J. and Whittam, A. (2020), The Effect of Race and Gender on Attributions of Stalking. Social Science Quarterly, 101: 573-587., which has been published in final form at ps:// This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.


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