Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

The Digital Network of Networks: Regulatory Risk and Policy Challenges of Vaccine Passports

Wilford, Sara Helen; McBride, Neil; Brooks, Laurence; Eke, Damian Okaibedi; Akintoye, Simisola; Owoseni, Adebowale; Leach, Tonii; Flick, Catherine; Fisk, Malcolm; Stacey, Martin

The Digital Network of Networks: Regulatory Risk and Policy Challenges of Vaccine Passports Thumbnail


Authors

Sara Helen Wilford

Neil McBride

Laurence Brooks

DAMIAN EKE Damian.Eke@nottingham.ac.uk
Transitional Assistant Professor

Simisola Akintoye

Adebowale Owoseni

Tonii Leach

Catherine Flick

Malcolm Fisk

Martin Stacey



Abstract

The extensive disruption to and digital transformation of travel administration across borders largely due to COVID-19 mean that digital vaccine passports are being developed to resume international travel and kick-start the global economy. Currently, a wide range of actors are using a variety of different approaches and technologies to develop such a system. This paper considers the techno-ethical issues raised by the digital nature of vaccine passports and the application of leading-edge technologies such as blockchain in developing and deploying them. We briefly analyse four of the most advanced systems – IBM’s Digital Health Passport “Common Pass,” the International Air Transport Association’s Travel Pass, the Linux Foundation Public Health’s COVID-19 Credentials Initiative and the Vaccination Credential Initiative (Microsoft and Oracle) – and then consider the approach being taken for the EU Digital COVID Certificate. Each of these raises a range of issues, particularly relating to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the need for standards and due diligence in the application of innovative technologies (eg blockchain) that will directly challenge policymakers when attempting to regulate within the network of networks.

Citation

Wilford, S. H., McBride, N., Brooks, L., Eke, D. O., Akintoye, S., Owoseni, A., …Stacey, M. (2021). The Digital Network of Networks: Regulatory Risk and Policy Challenges of Vaccine Passports. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 12(2), 393-403. https://doi.org/10.1017/err.2021.35

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 13, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 12, 2021
Publication Date 2021-06
Deposit Date Jan 17, 2024
Publicly Available Date Jan 18, 2024
Journal European Journal of Risk Regulation
Print ISSN 1867-299X
Electronic ISSN 2190-8249
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 2
Pages 393-403
DOI https://doi.org/10.1017/err.2021.35
Keywords Safety Research; Law
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/29835141
Publisher URL https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/european-journal-of-risk-regulation/article/abs/digital-network-of-networks-regulatory-risk-and-policy-challenges-of-vaccine-passports/7A7819B37D546CA54BAFBD842DB6F4EB

Files





You might also like



Downloadable Citations