Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Interest in and use of smoking cessation support across pregnancy and postpartum

Naughton, Felix; Reeves Vaz, Luis; Coleman, Tim; Orton, Sophie; Bowker, Katharine; Leonardi-Bee, Jo; Cooper, Sue; Vanderbloemen, Laura; Sutton, Stephen; Ussher, Michael


Felix Naughton

Luis Reeves Vaz

Professor of Primary Care

Professor of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology

Laura Vanderbloemen

Stephen Sutton

Michael Ussher


Background: Limited research exists on interest in and use of smoking cessation support in pregnancy and postpartum.

Methods: A longitudinal cohort of pregnant smokers and recent ex-smokers were recruited in Nottinghamshire, UK (N=850). Data were collected at 8-26 weeks gestation, 34-36 weeks gestation and 3 months postpartum and used as three cross-sectional surveys. Interest and use of cessation support and belief and behaviour measures were collected at all waves. Key data were adjusted for non-response and analysed descriptively, and multiple regression used to identify associations.

Results: In early and late pregnancy, 44% (95% CI 40-48%) and 43% (95% CI 37-49%) of smokers respectively were interested in cessation support, with 33% (95% CI 27-39%) interested postpartum. In early pregnancy, 43% of smokers reported discussing cessation with a midwife and in late pregnancy 27% did so. Over one-third (38%) did not report discussing quitting with a health professional during pregnancy. Twenty-seven percent of smokers reported using any NHS cessation support and 12% accessed NHS Stop Smoking Services during pregnancy. Lower quitting confidence (self-efficacy), higher confidence in stopping with support, higher quitting motivation and higher age were associated with higher interest in support (ps?0.001). A recent quit attempt and greater interest in support was associated with speaking to a health professional about quitting and use of NHS cessation support (ps?0.001).

Conclusions: When asked in early or late pregnancy, about half of pregnant smokers were interested in cessation support, though most did not engage. Cessation support should be offered throughout pregnancy and after delivery.


Naughton, F., Reeves Vaz, L., Coleman, T., Orton, S., Bowker, K., Leonardi-Bee, J., …Ussher, M. (2020). Interest in and use of smoking cessation support across pregnancy and postpartum. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 22(7), 1178–1186.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 12, 2019
Online Publication Date Aug 23, 2019
Publication Date Jul 1, 2020
Deposit Date Aug 19, 2019
Publicly Available Date Aug 24, 2020
Journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research
Print ISSN 1462-2203
Electronic ISSN 1469-994X
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 22
Issue 7
Pages 1178–1186
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Nicotine & Tobacco Research following peer review. The version of record Felix Naughton, Luis Reeves Vaz, Tim Coleman, Sophie Orton, Katharine Bowker, Jo Leonardi-Bee, Sue Cooper, Laura Vanderbloemen, Stephen Sutton, Michael Ussher, Interest in and use of smoking cessation support across pregnancy and postpartum, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, , ntz151 is available online at


Cohort Survey - Support Interest Use And Attitudes V3.1 Accepted (002) (1 Mb)

You might also like

Downloadable Citations